Building Wall Types From Premier
Wall panels play an important role in the visual aesthetics of a building. Structurally, wall materials today range from wood, brick and block, tilt-up panels to metal panels.
A complete wall system is more than a basic covering panel. The following components are integral to the building of a wall system:
There are two types of wall systems: load-bearing and curtain wall and frame (skeleton-frame).
Load-Bearing Wall System
Roof beams and bar joists rest on the exterior walls, which, in turn, transmit the load to the foundation. Walls must be strong enough to carry all of this weight. As heights of buildings increase, required thickness of walls and the resulting stress on the foundations become excessive and uneconomical. Although this type of wall construction is still in use today, the curtain wall and frame system is the more modern and functional method.
Curtain Wall and Frame System